Elisha M. Pease

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Elisha M. Pease
Elisha pease.png
5th and 13th Governor of Texas
In office
August 8, 1867 – September 30, 1869
Preceded byJames W. Throckmorton
Succeeded byEdmund J. Davis
In office
December 21, 1853 – December 21, 1857
Preceded byJames W. Henderson
Succeeded byHardin Richard Runnels
Member of the Texas Senate from District 7
In office
Preceded byJohn B. Jones
Succeeded byAdolphus Sterne
1st and 2nd Representative of the Texas House of Representatives, Brazoria District
In office
February 16, 1846 – November 5, 1849
Personal details
Born(1812-01-03)January 3, 1812
Enfield, Connecticut
DiedAugust 26, 1883(1883-08-26) (aged 71)
Lampasas, Texas
Resting placeOakwood Cemetery, Austin, Texas, U.S.
Political partyUnionist

Elisha Marshall Pease (January 3, 1812 – August 26, 1883) was a Texas politician. He served as the fifth and 13th governor of Texas.

Texas Republic[edit]

A native of Enfield, Connecticut, Pease moved to Mexican Texas in 1835. He soon became active in the Texas independence movement and after the Texas Revolution began, Pease became the secretary of the provisional government. He served as the assistant secretary at the Convention of 1836 but was not an elected delegate to the Convention. After independence had been won, Pease was named the comptroller of public accounts in the government of the new but temporary Republic of Texas.

Texas State[edit]

Following the annexation of Texas to the United States, Pease was elected to the Texas House of Representatives in 1845 and reelected in 1847. In 1849, he ran for the Texas Senate from District 11 (Brazoria and Galveston counties) but lost to John B. Jones who was sworn in on November 5, 1849. Pease contested the election, was declared the winner, and was sworn in four days later on November 9, 1849.

Pease first ran for governor in 1851 but withdrew from the race two weeks before the election. He was elected in each of the next two elections, 1853 and 1855. As governor, he paid off the state debt and established the financial foundation that the state would later use to finance its schools and colleges.

In 1856, surveyor Jacob de Córdova of the Galveston, Houston, and Henderson Railroad Company named a newly discovered river in West Texas the "Pease River" after the governor.[1]

The E. M. Pease Middle School is located at 201 Hunt Lane across from El Sendero subdivision in the Northside Independent School District in San Antonio, Texas.

Civil War and aftermath[edit]

During the American Civil War, Pease sided with the Union. After the war, he became a leader in the state Republican Party and was appointed as the civilian governor of Texas in 1867 by General Philip H. Sheridan, who was the military head of the Reconstruction government. Pease's policies as governor alienated both ex-Unionists and ex-Confederates and he resigned in 1869.

Pease died of apoplexy in Lampasas, Texas. He was buried in Oakwood Cemetery in Austin, Texas.


  1. ^ Pease River from the Handbook of Texas Online. Retrieved October 30, 2006.


External links[edit]

  • Entry for Elisha M. Pease from the Biographical Encyclopedia of Texas published 1880, hosted by the Portal to Texas History.
  • "Elisha M. Pease". Find a Grave. Retrieved April 11, 2009.
Party political offices
First Unionist nominee for Governor of Texas
1853, 1855
Succeeded by
First Republican nominee for Governor of Texas
1865, 1866
Succeeded by
Edmund J. Davis
Texas Senate
Preceded by
John B. Jones
Texas State Senator
from District 11 (Brazoria)

Succeeded by
Adolphus Sterne
Political offices
Preceded by
James W. Henderson
Governor of Texas
Succeeded by
Hardin R. Runnels
Preceded by
James W. Throckmorton
Governor of Texas
Succeeded by
Edmund J. Davis