William Eagleson Gordon

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

William Eagleson Gordon
William Eagleson Gordon (1914).jpg
Lieutenant Colonel W. E. Gordon (1914)
Born4 May 1866
Bridge of Allan, Scotland
Died10 March 1941 (aged 74)
Hindhead, Surrey
Buried
St Alban's Churchyard, Hindhead
AllegianceUnited Kingdom United Kingdom
Service/branchFlag of the British Army.svg British Army
RankColonel
UnitThe Gordon Highlanders
Battles/warsChitral Expedition
Tirah Campaign
Second Boer War
World War I
AwardsVictoria Cross
Commander of the Order of the British Empire

Colonel William Eagleson Gordon, VC, CBE (4 May 1866 – 10 March 1941) was a Scottish British Army officer and recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces. He is the older brother of Archibald Alexander Gordon, who received the Legion of Honour and Order of Leopold.

Early military career[edit]

Gordon was born at Bridge of Allan in 1866, and joined the militia in 1886 as lieutenant in the Royal Artillery.[1] He was commissioned as a second lieutenant in the Gordon Highlanders on 6 June 1888,[2] promoted to lieutenant on 1 September 1891, and took part in the Chitral Expedition with the 1st battalion of his regiment in 1895. Two years later they served in the Tirah Campaign on the North West Frontier of British India 1897–1898, during which he was promoted to captain on 19 October 1897.

He served as adjutant of the 1st battalion from 21 January 1899 and throughout the Second Boer War (1899–1902), when the battalion was posted to South Africa. They were part of the force sent to relieve the siege of Kimberley, and saw action at the Battle of Magersfontein in December 1899, where Gordon was wounded. He then served in the Orange Free State from February to May 1900, and took part in the battles of Paardeberg (February 1900), Poplar Grove, Driefontein (March 1900), Hontnek, Vet River and Hand River. Transferring to Transvaal, the battalion was again in action at Doornkop in May 1900, where they suffered severe losses, then took part in the battles of Belfast and Lydenburg (August 1900).[3] The battalion stayed in South Africa throughout the war, which ended with the Peace of Vereeniging in June 1902. Four months later 475 officers and men of the 1st battalion left Cape Town on the SS Salamis in late September 1902, arriving at Southampton in late October, when the battalion was posted to Glasgow.[4]

Citation[edit]

Gordon was 34 years old, and a captain in the 1st Battalion, The Gordon Highlanders during the Second Boer War when the following deed took place near Krugersdorp, South Africa for which he (together with Captain David Reginald Younger) was awarded the VC:

On the 11th July, 1900, during the action near Leehoehoek (or Doornbosch Fontein), near Krugersdorp, a party of men, accompanied by Captains Younger and Allan, having succeeded in dragging an artillery waggon under cover when its horses were unable to do so by reason of the heavy and accurate fire of the enemy, Captain Gordon called for volunteers to go out with him to try to bring in one of the guns. He went put alone to the nearest gun under a heavy fire, and with the greatest coolness fastened a drag-rope to the gun and then beckoned to the men, who immediately doubled out to join him in accordance with his previous instructions. While moving the gun, Captain Younger and three men were hit. Seeing that further attempts would only result in further casualties, Captain Gordon ordered the remainder of the party under cover of the kopje again, and, having seen the wounded safely away, himself retired. Captain Gordon's conduct, under a particularly heavy and most! accurate fire at only 850 yards range, was most admirable, and his manner of handling his men most masterly; his devotion on every occasion that his Battalion has been under fire has been remarkable.[5]

His Victoria Cross is on display at the Gordon Highlanders Museum, Aberdeen, Scotland.[6]

Later military career[edit]

Gordon was brevetted lieutenant-colonel in the Gordon Highlanders in 1907.[7] Gordon also served as Aide-de-camp to King George V.[8] On 4 May 1923 Gordon was placed on retired pay having achieved the rank of Major although as previously noted he was a brevet Lieutenant Colonel.[9]

Honours[edit]

Display of Gordon's awards
Gordon's medals displayed at the Gordon Highlanders Museum.
Ribbon Description Notes
UK Victoria Cross ribbon bar.svg Victoria Cross (VC)
  • 1900
Order of the British Empire (Military) Ribbon.png Commander of the Most Excellent Order of the British Empire (CBE)
India Medal BAR.svg India Medal
Queen's South Africa Medal.png Queen's South Africa Medal
  • Clasps: Belfast, Johannesburg, Driefontein, Paardeburg, Cape Colony
King's South Africa Medal.png King's South Africa Medal
  • Clasps: South Africa 1901 and South Africa 1902
Ribbon - 1914 Star & Rosette.png 1914 Star
  • Clasp: 5th AUG.–22nd NOV. 1914
Ribbon - British War Medal.png British War Medal
Ribbon - Victory Medal MID.png Victory Medal
  • With MID Emblem
UK King George VI Coronation Medal ribbon.svg King George VI Coronation Medal

References[edit]

  1. ^ "No. 25558". The London Gazette. 12 February 1886. Page 686
  2. ^ "No. 25824". The London Gazette. 5 June 1888. Page 3128
  3. ^ Hart′s Army list, 1903
  4. ^ "The Army in South Africa - Troops returning Home". The Times (36890). London. 4 October 1902. p. 10.
  5. ^ "No. 27233". The London Gazette. 28 September 1900. p. 5966.
  6. ^ "The Victoria Cross". The Gordon Highlanders Museum. Retrieved 14 September 2017.
  7. ^ "No. 27992". The London Gazette. 5 February 1907. Page 826
  8. ^ "No. 30307". The London Gazette. 25 September 1917. Page 9949
  9. ^ "No. 32820". The London Gazette. 4 May 1923. Page 3219

External links[edit]