Ponerinae

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Ponerinae
Temporal range: Turonian-Recent
Harpegnathos saltator fight.jpg
Fighting Harpegnathos saltator
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Ponerinae
Lepeletier, 1835
Type genus
Ponera
Latreille, 1804
Diversity[1]
59 genera
Plectroctena sp. fighting

Ponerinae is a subfamily of ants in the Poneromorph subfamilies group, with about 1,600 species in 47 extant genera, including Dinoponera gigantea - one of the world's largest species of ant. Mated workers have replaced the queen as the functional egg-layers in several species of ponerine ants. In such queenless species, the reproductive status of workers can only be determined through ovarian dissections.

They are most easily identified from other subfamilies by a constricted gaster (abdomen). They are rare examples of stinging ants.[2]

Genera[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Bolton, B. (2015). "Ponerinae". AntCat. Retrieved 9 January 2015.
  2. ^ Hoffman, Donald R. "Ant venoms" Current Opinion in Allergy and Clinical Immunology 2010, vol. 10, pages 342-346. doi:10.1097/ACI.0b013e328339f325
  3. ^ a b c d Dlussky, G.M.; Wedmann, S. (2012). "The poneromorph ants (Hymenoptera, Formicidae: Amblyoponinae, Ectatomminae, Ponerinae) of Grube Messel, Germany: High biodiversity in the Eocene". Journal of Systematic Palaeontology. 10 (4): 725–753. doi:10.1080/14772019.2011.628341. – via Taylor & Francis (subscription required)

External links[edit]

  • Media related to Ponerinae at Wikimedia Commons